Close to 300 figures are identifiable. [1] In the Zapotec language, the word cocijo means "lightning", as well as referring to the deity. In the religious practice of the Valley Zapotecs the primary god was Pitao Cozobi who was associated with maize and agriculture. Consider donating a few pennies to the Godchecker Temple Roof Fund. TRIBES, CULTURES AND PEOPLES COVERED: The Zapotec people. Alternative names: Ndoyet, Gender: Male Walls of masonry tombs built under the houses which was a common practice among all strata of the society had elaborate narratives painted on them. Zapotec Civilization(English, Paperback, History Captivating). Please check back soon! Consult Godchecker’s complete alphabetical list of Zapotec god and goddess names. [2][3] He is commonly represented on ceramics from the Zapotec area, from the Middle Preclassic right through to the Terminal Classic. They also accompanied their rituals with burning incense believing that the aromatic smoke rose to join with the clouds, considered an effective way to communicate with one’s ancestors. Please do not copy without permission. [8], "Zapotec Writing: Knowledge, power, and memory in ancient Oaxaca", Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc. (FAMSI), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cocijo&oldid=981924967, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 October 2020, at 05:55. Copyright © 1999-2020 Godchecker, Inc. All rights reserved. Consult Godchecker’s complete alphabetical list of Zapotec god and goddess names. Name: Ndo'yet For the full alphabetical list of alternative names, check out Godchecker's list of Zapotec deity names. This Zapotec pantheon list compiled by the data dwarves at Godchecker.com. The Zapotec civilization (Be'ena'a "The People" c. 700 BC–1521 AD) was an indigenous pre-Columbian civilization that flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca in Mesoamerica.Archaeological evidence shows that their culture originated at least 2,500 years ago. The Zapotec state formed at Monte Albán. Monumental structures like the Temple of Danzentes had relief figures that decorated the stone platform. Form is being submitted, please wait a bit. Not sure of the spelling? Please mention Godchecker.com when praying to the Gods. For all media enquiries please contact us here. For official Godchecker merch please visit our God Shop where a wide range of items are available to buy. They evolved from the agricultural communities from in and around Oaxaca. Religious rites, including bloodletting, were performed to each of these four Cocijos. Please do not copy without permission. For all media enquiries please contact us here. [7], The worship of Cocijo continued into early Colonial times. BBCODE: To link to this page in a forum post or comment box, just copy and paste the link code below: Here's the info you need to cite this page. Language ; Watch; Edit; The Zapotec culture was polytheist. A basic classification of the types of gods as based on the Motif-Index of Folk-Literature, by Stith Thompson: A0 Creator (not a god) A100—A199. He has attributes characteristic of similar Mesoamerican deities associated with rain, thunder and lightning, such as Tlaloc of central Mexico, and Chaac (or Chaak) of the Maya civilization. Stay updated with our Newsletter and get Exclusive Content straight to your inbox. Many Gods are spread across different regions, cultures and tribes. Appearance. [3], At the Late Classic Zapotec archaeological site of Lambityeco in Oaxaca, the stucco busts of Cocijo are depicted holding a jar spilling water in one hand and bolts of lightning in the other. Examples: JUPITER, JUP, JUPI. Many monuments in Monte Alban had such inscriptions on them. It is also known as Lyobaa which means “place of rest”. But corrections are always welcome, especially from people with first-hand knowledge. Names from Zapotec mythology: C. Cocijo, Cociyo, Copichja, Copijcha, Coque Nexo, Coquee Laa, Coqueelaa, Coquenexo, Coqui Bezelao, Coqui Huani, Coqui Nexo, Coqui Xee, Coquie Laa, Coquinexo, Corichacozee, Cosana, Coxana, Cozaana, Cozichacozee. This list is frequently updated — we are constantly discovering more names! Mitla continued to be occupied even after the Spanish conquest. Food, drinks, animals or even human being was offered in anticipation of request being made or in return for compensation. We have tried to collect as many Holy Aliases as possible. Pecala, god of dreams. Supreme God; A104. Some of the most important gods were the Bat-god - the god of corn and fertility, Beydo - god of seeds and wind, Cocijo (who had a human body with jaguar and serpent features with a forked tongue) - the rain and lightning god, Pitao Cozobi - the corn god, Copijcha (symbolised by the macaw) - the god o… Triplet gods ; A111.1. Try entering just the first three or four letters. With the development of the capital city, its people lived on artificially levelled terraces on the hill. Found this site useful? ➦ The history of the Zapotec civilization can be studied to a great extent by analyzing the archaeological remnants recovered from some of the major Zapotec sites such as Dainzu, Mitla, San José Mogote, Lambityeco, Yagul, El Palmillo and Zaachila. Cozobi, god of maize. The Zapotec had a concept of vital force that distinguished living from the non-living. Try entering just the first three or four letters. The Gods have provided us with a robust privacy and cookie policy which all mortals are advised to read. [5] During the Classic Period the jaguar was associated, at least partly, with Cocijo. List of deities by classification; Lists of deities by cultural sphere; List of goddesses; List of deities in fiction; List of people who have been considered deities; see also Apotheosis, Imperial cult and sacred king; Names of God (epithets of gods of monotheistic religions) Zapotec cities had a high level of sophistication in their art and architecture, in their writing and elaborate irrigation system. Copyright © 2015-document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) Ancient-Civilizations.com All Rights Reserved. Required fields are marked *. The reasons for the collapse of Monte Alban is not known however, many historians claim to the reason could be linked to an increase in the inter-state conflict mainly due to fragmentation into a number of smaller independent state. But corrections are always welcome, especially from people with first-hand knowledge. Many Gods are spread across different regions, cultures and tribes. Please mention Godchecker.com when praying to the Gods. The Gods have provided us with a robust privacy and cookie policy which all mortals are advised to read. Royal ancestors were treated as someone who has the power to intercede with powerful supernatural on behalf of their descendants on earth. So be very careful what you touch if it’s of Zapotec origin. Found this site useful? Copyright © 1999-2020 Godchecker, Inc. All rights reserved. Depending on the location in the city, residences had different patio areas. Area or people: Zapotec The Zapotecs followed a hieroglyphic system of writing. [6], Among the Zapotecs of the Postclassic period, the four 65-day divisions of the 260-day calendar were named cocijos, which implies that there was a different Cocijo associated with each cardinal direction. His eyebrows depict the heavens, his lower lids represent clouds, and his forked serpent's tongue represents a bolt of lightning. Many Gods are spread across different regions, cultures and tribes. Gods of Darkness and Light (darkness thought of as evil and light as good). The people of Zapotec followed two calendar systems; one secular which had 365 days and one ritual based which had 260 days. Copijcha, god of war. Residences closer to the city core had larger patios with secondary patios and multiple rooms. We’ve tried to pin them down to a particular area if possible. REGIONS COVERED: Oaxaca in Mexico, Mesoamerica. Zapotec cities had a high level of sophistication in their art and architecture, in their writing and elaborate irrigation system. The foundation of the capital city of Monte Alban on top of the mountain 400m above the valley floor changed the internal dynamics of the Valley of Oaxaca. As a polytheistic religion, the Zapotecs attributed several elements of the natural world to their gods. Many legendary characters have more than one name. Use our Godbrowser™ to explore the Gods of Zapotec Mythology. HTML: To link to this page, just copy and paste the link below into your blog, web page or email. Godchecker™ is a trade mark used under license. The Zapotec ruler treated the high priest with great respect because they believed that they had close contact with the supernatural and could see the future. The people of Zapotec also believed that man’s relationship with natural forces such as lightning and earthquake required an appropriate sacrifice by the recipient. If you continue to use this site, you agree with it. The Gods have provided us with a robust privacy and cookie policy which all mortals are advised to read. 48 Lesser-Known Facts about Indus Valley Civilization.

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