Whether Timothy actually went on this mission we cannot say; that Paul himself went back to Macedonia once more we learn from 1 Timothy 1:3, and we may infer a 5th visit from the reference to the apostle's stay at Troas, which in all probability belongs to a later occasion (2 Timothy 4:13).IV. On his 2nd missionary journey Paul came to Troas, and from there sailed with Silas, Timothy and Luke to Neapolis, the nearest Macedonian seaport, in obedience to the vision of a Macedonian (whom Ramsay identifies with Luke: see under the word "Philippi") urging him to cross to Macedonia and preach the gospel there (Acts 16:9). Macedonia was a Roman province when the apostle Paul made his first visit to Europe. On his 3rd missionary journey, the apostle paid two further visits to Macedonia. The kingdom of Macedonia was established in the 7th cent. province. A Hebrew name with the same meaning is Archite, which is an ethnonym that describes a Canaanite tribe that lived near the territory of Joseph. Copyright © 2020 Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. Paul's First Visit2. These cities were on the coast and formed a confederation of smaller communities, which in the last century of the independent history of Greece attained to great importance (Achaean League). But we exhort you, brothers, that you abound more and more; 1 Timothy 1:3 As I urged you when I was going into Macedonia, stay at Ephesus that you might command certain men not to teach a different doctrine, mas-e-do'-ni-a (Makedonia, ethnic Makedon,):I. Philip continued scientific analysis in military maneuvers. The original inhabitants were Ionians, but these were crowded out later by the Acheans, who came from the East. Bibliography S. Casson, Macedonia, Thrace and Illyria (1926); U. Wilcken, Alexander the Great (1932); W. A. Heurtley, Prehistoric Macedonia (1939); Geyer and Hoffman in Pauly Wissowa, RE, s.v. Its history thus accounts for the very mixed character of its population, which consists chiefly of Turks, Albanians, Greeks and Bulgarians, but has in it a considerable element of Jews, Gypsies, Vlachs, Servians and other races. At first the conquered country was divided by Aemilius Paulus into four districts, but afterward was made one province and centralized under the jurisdiction of a proconsul, who resided at Thessalonica. In 1:1 he is said to have come from the land of Chittim (Kittim) (Χαττιείμ). The dominant race, the Macedonians in the narrower sense of the term, including the royal family, which was acknowledged to be Greek and traced its descent through the Temenids of Argos back to Heracles (Herodotus v.22), settled in the fertile plains about the lower Haliacmon (Karasu or Vistritza) and Axius (Vardar), to the North and Northwest of the Thermaic Gulf. All rights reserved. Topography and Antiquities: Heuzey and Daumet, Mission archeologique de Macedoine, Paris, 1876; Cousinery, Voyage dans la Macedoine, Paris, 1831; Clarke, Travels 4, VII, VIII, London, 1818; Leake, Travels in Northern Greece, III, London, 1835; Duchesne and Bayet, Memoire sur une mission en Macedoine et au Mont Athos, Paris, 1876; Hahn, Reise von Belgrad nach Saloniki, Vienna, 1861. Both words are closely related to the familiar adjective μακρος (makros), meaning long or distant: The adjective μακρος (makros) means long or distant. ), formed an alliance with Hannibal, who had defeated the Roman forces at Lake Trasimene (217) and at Cannae (216), and set about trying to recover Illyria. However, he was assassinated by a Macedonian noble in 336 before he could embark upon his long-planned campaign against Persia. 1. In the narrative of Paul's journeys as given us in Ac 13-28 and in the Pauline Epistles, Macedonia plays a prominent part. (compare 1 Maccabees 8:5, where Perseus is called "king of Chittim "). Your zeal has stirred up very many of them. Acts 16:9 A vision appeared to Paul in the night. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. But in Macedonia all is changed. armies tended to bear to the right when they attacked. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Achaia, Bible Dictionaries - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary - Achaia, Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Achaia, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Achaia, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. of Roman Intervention:Alexander died in June 323 B.C., and his empire fell a prey to the rivalries of his chief generals (1 Maccabees 1:9); after a period of struggle and chaos, three powerful kingdoms were formed, taking their names from Macedonia, Syria and Egypt. Frequent allusion is made to this event ( 18:5 ; 19:21 ; Romans 15:26 ; 2 co. 1:16 ; 11:9 ; Phil 4:15 ). was followed by 40 years of disunion and weakness.1. Secular History: Hogarth, Philip and Alexander of Macedon, London, 1897, and the histories of the Hellenistic period by Holm, Niese, Droysen and Kaerst. Gaius is also mentioned as a Macedonian in Acts 19:29, but perhaps the reading of a few manuscripts Makedona is to be preferred to the Textus Receptus of the New Testament Makedonas in which case Aristarchus alone would be a Macedonian, and this Gaius would probably be identical with the Gaius of Derbe mentioned in Acts 20:4 as a companion of Paul (Ramsay, op. It is in this latter enlarged meaning that the name is always used in the New Testament ( Acts 18:12 Acts 18:27 ; 19:21 ; Romans 15: : 26 ; 16:5 , etc.). It is owing to this close historical and geographical connection that we find Macedonia and Achia frequently mentioned together in the New Testament, Macedonia being always placed first (Acts 19:21 Romans 15:26 2 Corinthians 9:2 1 Thessalonians 1:7, 8).5. Its Members:We know the names of a few of the early members of the Macedonian churches-Sopater (Acts 20:4) or Sosipater (Romans 16:21: the identification is a probable, though not a certain, one) of Berea; Aristarchus (Acts 19:29; Acts 20:4; Acts 27:2 Colossians 4:10 Philemon 1:24), Jason (Acts 17:5-9 Romans 16:21) and Secundus (Acts 20:4) of Thessalonica; Clement (Philippians 4:3), Epaphroditus (Philippians 2:25; Philippians 4:18), Euodia (Philippians 4:2; this, not Euodias (the King James Version), is the true form), Syntyche (same place), Lydia (Acts 16:14, 40; a native of Thyatira), and possibly Luke (Ramsay, Paul the Traveler, 201;) of Philippi. threat to the Gr. "Macedonian call" refers to going into a "mission field" to preach the gospel. Of this visit Luke gives us a very summary account, telling us merely that Paul, "when he had gone through those parts, and had given them much exhortation, .... came into Greece" (Acts 20:2); but from 2 Cor, written from Macedonia (probably from Philippi) during the course of this visit, we learn more of the apostle's movements and feelings. Acts 20:3 When he had spent three months there, and a plot was made against him by Jews as he was about to set sail for Syria, he determined to return through Macedonia. 2017-07-09 19:33:14. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". From 2 Corinthians 2:13 we learn that he traveled from Ephesus to Troas, where he expected to find Titus. During the next few years it was overrun and plundered by the Goths under Alaric, and later, in the latter half of the 6th century, immense numbers of Slavonians settled there. The rapid extension of the Christian faith in Macedonia at this time may be judged from the phrases used by Paul in his 1st Epistle to the Thessalonians, the earliest of his extant letters, written during this visit to Corinth. We know the names of a few of the early members of the Macedonian churches--Sopater (Acts 20:4) or Sosipater (Romans 16:21: the identification is a probable, though not a certain, one) of Berea; Aristarchus (Acts 19:29; 20:4; 27:2; Colossians 4:10; Philemon 1:24), Jason (Acts 17:5-9; Romans 16:21) and Secundus (Acts 20:4) of Thessalonica; Clement (Philippians 4:3), Epaphroditus (Philippians 2:25; 4:18), Euodia (Philippians 4:2; this, not Euodias (the King James Version), is the true form), Syntyche (same place) , Lydia (Acts 16:14,40; a native of Thyatira), and possibly Luke (Ramsay, Paul the Traveler, 201) of Philippi. A sketch of his career is given in 1 Macc 1:1-7, where he is spoken of as "Alexander the Macedonian, the son of Philip, who came out of the land of Chittim" (1:1): his invasion of Persia is also referred to in 1 Macc 6:2, where he is described as "the Macedonian king, who reigned first among the Greeks," i.e.
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