They begin to eat grass within a few weeks but nurse until they are 18 months old. Waterbuck are found in southeastern, central and western Africa. Typically they will not have their first calf till 6 or 7 years old in the wild. A large nuchal crest sits behind the head which contains bones, muscles and ligaments to support their large head. These animals have poor eyesight, but a very sharp sense of hearing and smell. In contrast to the black rhino, white rhino calves will walk in front of their mothers. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. Young usually become independent in 2-3 years when the next calf is born. As of late December 2007, the total population was estimated at 17,460 southern white rhino in the wild, making them by far the most abundant subspecies of rhino in the world. Burnie, D., 2011. Males will mate for the first time much later, typically between 10 and 12 years old. Southern white rhinos are active during the day and spend about half of the day feeding. All rhinos are threatened by habitat loss and by poachers who are after their horns. The average male also weighs around 5,000 lbs., but can weigh up to 7,900 lbs. White Rhinoceros Sub-species Southern White Rhinoceros. International Rhino Foundation. White Rhino. Southern white rhinos are strictly herbivores (graminivores) that feed on short grasses. Dominant males maintain strict, non-overlapping ranges with their horns and massive sizes. Southern White Rhinoceros. [online] Available at: [Accessed 11 July 2020]. The primary threat to this species is the continued demand for rhino horns. These large mammals live only in Africa, primarily southern Africa. There are two different subspecies of white rhino, the southern white rhinoceros, and the northern white rhinoceros. 1st ed. They live in the grasslands and savannahs. As of 2005, Southern white rhinos were just as endangered; in fact, they faced immediate extinction. White rhino populations have been reduced by 95 percent since 1979 due to regional civil unrest and occupation of national parks by rebel forces. Southern white rhinos are mainly social animals. The mother and calf bond is very close and a calf will remain with the mother until the next calf is born, usually in 2-3 years. The two subspecies were once divided by their ranges, with the northern subspecies in central Africa and the southern subspecies in southern Africa. Fossil Rim Wildlife Center is home to the southern white rhino. Calves remain with the mother for 3 years before going off on their own. Southern white rhinos have the distinctive flat broad mouth that is used for grazing. He scrapes his horns on the ground and on bushes, he scrapes his hooves on the ground, he deposits urine and he deposits dung. Of those that survive in the wild, almost all are southern white rhinos – 96 percent of which reside in South Africa. Adult males, called “bulls,” establish territories that they defend from other males. The front horn is usually much larger than the inner horn. Zoo, F., 2020. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. The front horn is larger than the other horn and averages 60 cm (24 in) in length and can reach 150 cm (59 in). 2020. [online] Fresno Chaffee Zoo. [9] Two of the southern white rhinos began the process of being released into the wild on May 13, 2014. Its broad, square lips and expansive muzzle, as well as its size, distinguish it from the smaller, prehensile-lipped black rhinoceros. Bulls mark this territory using middens which is a pile of feces and sprays of urine. 2020. [online] Available at: <, https://perthzoo.wa.gov.au/animal/southern-white-rhinoceros, https://www.zoossa.com.au/wp-content/uploads/Southern-White-Rhino-08.pdf, https://fossilrim.org/animals/southern-white-rhinoceros/, https://www.fresnochaffeezoo.org/species/white-rhinoceros/, https://genomics.senescence.info/species/entry.php?species=Ceratotherium_simum, https://wwf.panda.org/knowledge_hub/endangered_species/rhinoceros/african_rhinos/white_rhinoceros/#:~:text=Mating%20occurs%20throughout%20the%20year,2%2D3%20years%20between%20calves, https://www.savetherhino.org/rhino-info/rhino-species/white-rhinos/. These grazers constantly need areas with … ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Southern_white_rhinoceros&oldid=987476540, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 09:00. 2020. simum) population of about 11,000, making them the most abundant subspecies of rhino in the world. 2020. Seneca Park Zoo is home to one southern white rhinoceros named Jiwe. The northern and southern subspecies, which appear similar, have been genetically separated for two million years.

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