Initially, Boa staged various plays, but concerts became more and more common; this new use of the building clashed with the development of apartment buildings on nearby lots of land. 2: The main Churches of Lucerne; 3: The Main Churches in the larger Lucerne area; 4.1: What to do at the Lucerne area In 2013 a total of 11.0% of the population received social assistance. The driest month of the year was February with an average of 61 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation over 10.2 days. The Grand City Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the City Council and the administration. In 2004, Lucerne was the focus of Swiss Wrestling fans when it had hosted the Swiss Wrestling and Alpine festival (Eidgenössisches Schwing- und Älplerfest), which takes place every three years in a different location. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? The parliament holds its meetings in the Rathaus (Town Hall) am Kornmarkt. There were only 74 single story buildings and 1,721 four or more story buildings.[39]. By 1290, Lucerne had become a self-sufficient city of reasonable size with about 3000 inhabitants. This section of the municipality is entirely surrounded by the lake and by land of the canton of Nidwalden. ", https://www.raileurope.com/train-tickets/journeys/article/zurich-lucerne, https://www.thetrainline.com/en/train-times/lucerne-to-zurich-airport, Institutional seats of the European Union, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucerne&oldid=988864227, Populated places established in the 1st millennium, 1330s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 14th-century establishments in the Old Swiss Confederacy, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with dead external links from February 2015, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox Switzerland municipality with an unusual mayor asof, Pages using infobox Switzerland municipality with languages, Pages using infobox Switzerland municipality with map, Pages using infobox Switzerland municipality with municipality name equal to subject name, Pages using infobox Switzerland municipality with manual population, Articles containing Alemannic German-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Romansh-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2000, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 18:36. [39], As of  2012[update], there were a total of 77,641 people employed in the municipality. A consensus was reached that culminated in a culture compromise (Kulturkompromiss). All you need to know about traveling by train, bus or car in Switzerland. In 1798, nine years after the beginning of the French Revolution, the French army marched into Switzerland. In the federal election, a total of 26,521 voters were cast, and the voter turnout was 49.48%. In the mandate period (Legislatur) September 2016 – August 2020 the City Council is presided by Stadtpräsident Beat Züsli. [19], On June 17, 2007, voters of the city of Lucerne and the adjacent town of Littau agreed to a merger in a simultaneous referendum. The most famous is the Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke), a 204 m (669 ft) long wooden covered bridge originally built in 1333, the oldest covered bridge in Europe, although much of it had to be replaced after a fire on 18 August 1993, allegedly caused by a discarded cigarette. The commune of Lucerne is the capital of the canton of Lucerne. In August 1993, the Kapellbrücke in the centre of the city suffered from a great fire which destroyed two thirds of its interior paintings. From dusk till dawn on the evenings of Schmotzige Donnerstag, Güdismontag, and after the Monstercorso many bands wander through the historical part of the city playing typical Fasnacht tunes. The Mountains. [22], The municipality has an area of 29.1 square kilometers (11.2 sq mi). Departmental tasks, coordination measu… In Lucerne about 73.6% of the population (between age 25–64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about lucerne. The city occupies both banks of the river and the lowest reach of the lake, with the city centre straddling the river immediately downstream of the outfall. The Swiss Museum of Transport is a large and comprehensive museum exhibiting all forms of transport, including locomotives, automobiles, ships, and aircraft. However, the towers are surviving remnants of an earlier structure. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. MySwissAlps features commercial and non-commercial, Last modified on Jul 10, 2018 - 10:45 AM by Arno, Jul 10, 2018 - 10:27 AM At the same time, women made up 47.9% of the workforce.[39]. Take advantage of the 2-for-1 Tell-Pass promotion by staying two or more nights in Canton Lucerne! [23], Between 1961 and 1990 Lucerne had an average of 138.1 days of rain per year and on average received 1,171 mm (46.1 in) of precipitation. And in April, the well-established comics festival Fumetto attracts an international audience. The secondary sector employed 7,326 workers in 666 separate businesses. It is made up of 48 members, with elections held every four years. In the 16th and 17th centuries, wars and epidemics became steadily less frequent and as a result the population of the country increased strongly. The industrial revolution hit Lucerne rather late, and by 1860 only 1.7% of the population worked in industry, which was about a quarter of the national average at that time. Lucerne is home to the Luzerner Sinfonieorchester, a category A symphonic orchestra, and to the 21st Century Symphony Orchestra, and they both hold most of their performances in the Lucerne Culture and Congress Centre. Lucerne (/luːˈsɜːrn/ loo-SURN, French: [lysɛʁn]; German: Luzern [luˈtsɛrn] (listen); Lucerne German: Lozärn; Italian: Lucerna [luˈtʃɛrna]; Romansh: Lucerna [luˈtsɛrnɐ] (listen)) is a city in central Switzerland, in the German-speaking portion of the country. Much of the land in the canton is used for agriculture. The carving commemorates the hundreds of Swiss Guards who were massacred in 1792 during the French Revolution, when an armed mob stormed the Tuileries Palace in Paris. [25], The City Council (Stadtrat) constitutes the executive government of the city of Lucerne and operates as a collegiate authority. Lucerne boasts a developed and well-run transport network, with the main operator, Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern (VBL), running both the trolleybuses in Lucerne and a motor buses network in the city and to neighboring municipalities. Until midnight, the historical part of the city usually is packed with people participating. Rather recently a fourth Fasnacht day has been introduced on the Saturday between the others Fasnacht days, the Rüüdige Samstag while mainly several indoor balls take place. [43] Wagner lived in Lucerne from 1866 to 1872 and his former villa now hosts the museum dedicated to him.[11]. [36] As of 2013[update], 19,264 or 25.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals, of which 19.9% are from Europe, 2.8% from Asia, 1.2% from Africa and 1.0% from America. Learn a new word every day. The center has one of the world's leading concert halls, with acoustics by Russell Johnson. In any case, the name was associated by popular etymology with Latin lucerna "lantern" from an early time.[6]. [29] In the federal election a total of 25,836 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 49.5%. The city's main hockey team is the HC Luzern which plays in the Swiss Second League, the fourth tier of Swiss hockey. In summer 2008, the yodelling festival (Eidgenössisches Jodlerfest) had a similar impact. The city gained importance as a strategically located gateway for the growing commerce from the Gotthard trade route. In 1415 Lucerne gained Reichsfreiheit from Emperor Sigismund and became a strong member of the Swiss confederacy. Lucerne is also home to Keramikkonzerte, a series of classical chamber music concerts held throughout each year,[44] as well as Zaubersee, a festival dedicated to Russian classical music.[45]. The issue was settled by Lucerne's victory over the Habsburgs in the Battle of Sempach in 1386. Südpol is a center for performing arts in Lucerne presenting music-, dance- and theatre-events. The church is popularly called the Hofkirche (in German) and is known locally as the Hofchile (in Swiss-German). [10], It was during the latter part of the 19th century that Lucerne became a popular destination for artists, royalty and others to escape to. We have a lot to offer! Pilatus on 25th. The interior is richly decorated.

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