They were passionate about time to the extent that they built a calendar that reflected their passion “for pattern and the passion for regeneration of time and life” (Carrasco, 136). There are many similarities between the Aztecs and the Mayas. In this case, we have two goddesses who represent fertility, Ixchel, and Coatlicue, who also were very important within the Mayan and Aztec pantheons. Left: Mayan geographical location, via National Geographic, 2012. In the Aztec civilization, we see for the first time the birth of a warrior, Huitzilopochtli, the god of war and sun. The same happens when the attempt is made at pointing out who is who among the Pre-Hispanic gods and to which culture they belong, since they usually have the same role despite having many names, and have the same supernatural abilities conferred by their respective followers. After we finished the reading I raised my hand intending to ask a question. Among the Pre-Hispanic inhabitants of Mesoamerica, fertility and its artistic and ideological representations were closely related to the feminine side of humanity, since women in both cultures played a fundamental role in the creation of the world and mankind. From these two descriptions, it can be concluded that both goddesses shared remarkable similarities regarding their role as symbols of life and fertility. El Elefante, Diego Rivera – A Mexican Icon. Coatlicue, which in Nahuatl means “the one with the snake skirt”, was considered among the Aztecs as the mother of all gods and humans and had the moniker of “Nuestra Madrecita”, which means “Our loved mother”. The Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations were really smart in topics of … Franke J. Neumann author of The Experience of Time in Nahuatl Religion, explains that the Aztecs looked upon the calendar as a “central fact of their lives...it filled a very large place in the ceremonial life of people” (256, Neumann). 6 Things You Didn’t Know About Georgia O’Keefe. Tlaloc, the Aztec equivalent of Chaac, also had a place of great regard among his people, as he was believed to be the ruler of the fourth heaven known as “Tlálocan”, which was thought to be the eternal destination of those who perished under any circumstances related to water, such as drowning, due to natural disasters. Compare and contrast Maya, Aztec, and Inca culture In history we the people have found to realize that the Maya, Aztec, and Inca culture was one of the most incredible findings of their accomplishments. The Aztecs and the Maya We’re sincerely grateful to Panel of Experts member Elizabeth Graham, Professor of Mesoamerican Archaeology at University College London, for this quick, fun, helpful, entry-level comparison between the Mexica (Aztecs) and the Maya. It was also believed that he had the power to command at will other destructive natural phenomena, like floods and hurricanes, a feat that commanded great respect. It is argued that the Aztecs took a mechanistic approach because “Aztec ceremonies, were guided by detailed ritual calendars” (66, Carrasco). The god of war Huitzilopochtli was said to have been born when his mother Coatlicue, became pregnant one day after keeping in her clothes a ball of feathers that she found while sweeping her courtyard. Aztecs and Mayans were similar in different days. Another similarity between these two ancient civilizations is that they both have their own written language. XiuhpohuallI. Jesus is from Zacatecas, and currently lives in San Luis Potosí, Mexico. In his free time he tutors students and writes independently. As with the Mayans, Quetzalcoatl was a very important foundation character, since the legendary Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl was said to have been one of the founders of Tula – Teotihuacan, the famed city of the gods, a place where the universe was created according to Aztec myths. The Aztecs also have the same calender. Some similarities between The Aztecs , Mayan, and Incas is that they all had great technologies and they all had strong religions. The Mayans use the method of slash and burn but the Aztecs use chinampas. By the time the Aztecs were in the zenith of their territorial expansion and greatest splendor during the fourteenth century, the Mayans were already in a cultural decline, reaching their peak about 400 years earlier, during the Mesoamerican period known as “The Classic Period” between 600 and 1000 A.D. By that time, only a few sustainable Mayan city-states remained. These three small words likely make up the most spoken sentence in any museum or gallery, and for good reason. The slaying of his sister and 400 relatives were taken as human sacrifices to nourish the gods. Similarities. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca, Codex Borbonicus, Ca XVI century AD. This kind of calendar is called XiuhpohuallI. The Mayan religion revolved around the notion that time should be controlled. Her children, enraged with this unexpected situation, decided to kill their mother as punishment, however, Huitzilopochtli suddenly came out of his mother womb, wearing battle gear and a flame serpent that was used as a sword, and killed his siblings, creating in the process the moon and the stars. Ixchel, mother of all gods and destroyer of worlds, Dresden Codex, 2017 via Behind the Name. As I rose my hand I was excited to hear the answer and learn more about the…, The Aztecs The Aztec civilization had a setting that “was a dynamic, unstable, destructive one distinguished by sharp alternations between order and disorder, cosmic life, and cosmic death… by combats, sacrifice, and rebellion” (Carrasco, 65). One difference between the Mayas and the Aztecs is that they have different methods of farming. This situation is not something extraordinary or unusual within the religious imaginary of the ancient Mesoamericans, as it was common to find representations of deities who took one or more roles and were embodied in different characters depending on different needs and different facets of life, establishing them as omnipotent and perhaps omnipresent gods. The existence of Homo Sapiens is linked with art and art is a way of linking... “Futuristic” designs and technical innovation are not just limited to our modern-day technologies. I will say a little…, however long they desired. The Mayans believe in human sacrifice but the Aztecs believed in giving some blood. Statue of Coatlicue displayed in the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City, 2019. 5 Facts you might not know about Frida Kahlo. In each of the examples presented here, it is possible to appreciate the way people of ancient times saw the universe. Similarities between Mayan and Aztec gods and goddesses. Aztec, Maya, And Incan Civilizations : Similarities And Differences In Latin American Cultures 1273 Words | 6 Pages. By Jesus Santillan. One similarity is that they both have calenders. Kinich Ahau, on the other hand, was an alter ego of the Mayan god Itzanmá, who represents the sun and war in this invocation. When the reader wanted to stop, they then would randomly call on another student to continue reading. Tlaloc, the god of rains and lighting, Codex Borbonicus, 2009, via Arqeología Mexicana. For the next case, we have a deity that serves to represent two gods in one since both Itzanmá and Quetzalcoatl have different avocations or representations in the works of art in both cultures. The process would repeat until we reached our goal for the day. In the Mayan myths, it is said that Kukulkan helped lay the foundations of their culture, with the creation of Chichen Itza, the very first important milestone in their history, as it was the most important capital of the region, flourishing around the years 800 – 1100 AD. In this essay i will be writing about the Aztec and mayan tribes and their similarities and differences.The aztecs were located in central mexico and the mayans were located in the yucatan peninsula.To start off by saying both the aztecs and the mayan have many similarities and differences.For one they both had a calendar of 365 days based on the sun’s movement.The aztecs originated as a nomadic tribe in northern Mexico and arrived in mesoamerica in the 13th century. Right: Aztec geographical location, via Aztec Culture, 2015. There are also many differences between these two ancient civilizations. In my essay I will talk about three ancient civilizations, the Mayas, the Incas, and the Aztecs. These deities are also heavyweights in the pantheon of traditional deities of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica since in both cultures, they were worshiped for their association with water and the rain cycle, vital for the continued success of their agricultural practices.
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