Johannine Writings The present participle does not stand for the perfect participle, but brings out how Timothy is to behave at all times, in order to fulfil his commission as a καλὸς διάκονος ἰ. χρ. Of departures from the faith that began already to appear. Minister, in its general rather than its technical sense, and yet, perhaps, not without a reference to the distinctive name. He gives Timothy divers directions with respect to himself, his doctrine, and the people under his care (v. 6to the end)Verses 1-5 We have here a prophecy of the apostasy of the latter times, which he had spoken of as a thing expected and taken for granted among Christians, 2 Th. in remembrance. The added words: καὶ τῆς καλῆς διδασκαλίας (see 1 Timothy 1:10), make the contrast with the heretics more decided, and the further clause: ᾗ ( ἧς) παρηκολούθηκας, shows that Timothy had hitherto been faithful to pure doctrine. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. Take heed unto thyself - See that the life of God remains and the work of God prospers in thine own soul. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-timothy-4.html. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point Secondarily, ministers (that is, servants) of the church; as a nobleman’s servant employed to distribute wages or meat to inferior servants, is a minister to those to whom he so distributeth food or wages, but in the first place a servant to his lord. Spirits seem to be much the same in sense as doctrines, the latter word may be considered as explanatory of the former; and error sometimes signifying idolatry, erroneous doctrines may comprehend idolatrous as well as false doctrines. doctrine--Greek (ministerial), "teaching" or instruction. The first thing to be considered is, the apostasy here predicted. Not some remote future, but times immediately subsequent, the beginnings of the apostasy being already discernible ( Act 20:29 ): these are the forerunners of "the last days" ( 2Ti 3:1 ). hupotithemi. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/1-timothy-4.html. Whatever difference there might be between apostles, elders, deacons, all were alike ‘ministers’ of Christ. Ταῦτα thesethings are those mentioned 1 Timothy 4:4, 1 Timothy 4:5. the beast ( Rev 17:3 ), or Gnostic spiritualizing anti-Christianity, so Rome's Judaizing elements ( 1Ti 4:3 ) shall ultimately be combined with the open worldly-wise anti-Christianity of the false prophet or beast ( 1Ti 6:20, 21 Col 2:8 1Jo 4:1-3 Rev 13:12-15 ). Speaking lies in hypocrisy, etc. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". . The Holy Spirit, both in the Old and the New Testament, spoke of a general turning from the faith of Christ, and the pure worship of God. As faith and a good conscience are joined ( 1Ti 1:5 ); so hypocrisy (that is, unbelief, Mat 24:5, 51; compare Luk 12:46 ) and a bad conscience here. . Minister of Jesus Christ ( διάκονος Χριστοῦ Ἱησοῦ ). -------------------- Behold the deep-burnt marks deform thy conscience; the appearance of them has grown up with thy vices; neither can the crimes which thou hast committed hide themselves.". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". Wrong. At the ordination of the president of the synagogue there were always three presbyters present to lay on hands, so the early Church canons required three bishops to be present at the consecration of a bishop. “Bring up, rear, and then train in” (Arndt p. 269). 7. refuse--reject, avoid, have nothing to do with ( 2Ti 2:23 Tts 3:10 ). the world, life. thyself, and. The word expresses rather the thought of being ‘reared’ or ‘educated in’ the words of faith, and suggests the half-medical reference to ‘bodily exercise’ that follows. 6. ŒD. Continue in them - i.e., In taking heed to thyself and to thy doctrine; for this must be thy continual study. in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry. His religion saves him from all those excesses, both in action and passion, which sap the foundations of life, and render existence itself often a burden. “You will be a good servant of Christ Jesus”: The term “servant” can mean, “minister”, but it does not mean “the” minister. -------------------- Whereunto thou hast attained ( ᾗ παρηκολούθηκας ). by the word of God and prayer--that is, "by means of intercessory prayer" (so the Greek)--that is, consecratory prayer in behalf of "the creature" or food--that prayer mainly consisting of "the word of God." 2.I. "Life" in its truest and best sense now and hereafter ( 2Ti 1:1 ). seat within, it extends thence to the whole outward life of a man. The Expositor's Greek Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/1-timothy-4.html. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. they bring before their flock" [ALFORD]. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? entrephomai. See the preface to this epistle. This shows that he refers to prophecies of the Spirit then lying before him. Quanto id in Theologo futuro expetendum curandumque magis, &c.? . Nos attendentes, per Dei gratiam, fideles in Christo, nosque praecipue, et populum regni nostri, ejus posse suffragiis adjuvari, ut, quem familiarem habuimus in terris, mereamur habere patronum in caelis. Occupy thyself wholly with them; make them not only thy chief but thy sole concern. This latter perfect stands in apt contrast with the present participle ἐντρεφόμενος. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-timothy-4.html. As all have been purchased by his blood so all may believe; and consequently all may be saved. 6. Let any man read the Aurea Legenda, and he will find of profane and old wives' fables what may stand, with considerable propriety, column for column with the Talmud. (1-5) Several directions, with motives for due discharge of duties. May every believer be enabled to let his profiting appear unto all men; seeking to experience the power of the gospel in his own soul, and to bring forth its fruits in his life. 1999-2014. by prophecy--that is, by the Holy Spirit, at his general ordination, or else consecration, to the special see of Ephesus, speaking through the prophets God's will to give him the graces needed to qualify him for his work ( 1Ti 1:18 Act 13:1-3 ).
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